by Fred J. Calfior and Douglas W. Miller
"Never ever ever skip your last minute pre-takeoff checks, such as fuel, the takeoff trim setting, and green oil temperature and pressure, and flaps at ten. Something else to be aware of is when you go full power, make sure you're getting the RPMs you expect, such as in our case, twenty three hundred to twenty five hundred RPM. If you don't, then abort the takeoff because your engine is not producing the power it's supposed to according to the Operating Manual."
1) Record TIME________________________________
2) Release brakes and taxi onto runway 34
3) Advance power to "FULL"
4) Maintain centerline of runway
5) At 50 knots airspeed, lift nose wheel off runway
6) At 70 knots, ease back on the yoke to establish a 10 degree pitch up attitude
7) Maintain a climb AIRSPEED of 80 knots
8) Raise Gear when there is no more runway to land on
9) At "500" feet above the ground, raise the FLAPS to "0"
10) At "700" feet above the ground, begin a LEFT "90" degree CROSS WIND turn (standard rate)
11) Reduce power to about "2300" RPM at "1000" feet above the ground (AGL)
12) With wings level, check your airspace and begin another LEFT "90" degree turn to the LEFT DOWNWIND
"You know, the tendency in these turns is to let the nose drop, when in fact, some additional nose up pressure needs to be applied. That's because in the turn, some vertical lift is becoming horizontal lift (which is what allows you to turn), so you need to increase your nose attitude (angle of attack) to make up for the lost vertical lift."
1) Hold the downwind course until abeam the approach end of Runway 34
2) When abeam the approach end of Runway 34, reset NAV 1 OBS to a centered needle TO the station
3) Turn to the OBS course, and track inbound on the ROBERTS VOR radial
4) When wings are level, press "P" to pause the simulation
5) Record your:
NAV 1 DME DIST________________________(25 pts)
RPM __________________________________(20 pts)
COM FREQUENCY_______________________(10 pts)
6) Press "P" to continue the simulation
"That was incredible! You must have flown all twelve cross countries of '13MIKE's' first book! We're VFR, so keep your head moving, looking for traffic, yet enjoy the scenery. One of the ten commandments for safe flying is Thou shalt cast thine eyes to thy right and to thy left as thou passeth through the firmament, lest thy fellow pilots bring flowers to thy widow and comfort her in other ways.'! The only thing necessary now is a courtesy move. Let traffic know we're out of anybody's way!"
"KANKAKEE TRAFFIC, CESSNA 13MIKE IS DEPARTING THE AREA."
1) Begin to level off when the altimeter reads "4400" feet
2) Maintain "4500" feet
3) Hold the climb power setting of about "2300" RPM
"As we expected, it does have an appearance of being somewhat green pea soupier towards the south there, doesn't it? This is perfect for what I have in mind for your training. We're still safe, but watch how sneakily the weather can try to put you into a corner of desperation unless you're watching for it."
** 4) When the NAV 1 DME DIST reads "17.0", record your ground speed
5) Press "P" to pause the simulation
** 6) Record your:
HEADING with centered NAV 1 CDI____________(30 pts)
RPM ______________________________________(10 pts)
7) Press "P" to continue the simulation
"I agree! Enough is enough. We're thirteen DME north of Roberts, and it's pretty solid down below just past Roberts VOR, so let's cancel VFR and request an IFR clearance to finish out this flight. It always blesses me to fly and see weather from this perspective. We're a fortunate breed of people, you know that? One two two point zero is what Kankakee told us."
8) Tune COM to "122.0" (Kankakee Radio)
"KANKAKEE RADIO, CESSNA 9413MIKE ON ONE TWO TWO POINT ZERO."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, KANKAKEE RADIO, GO AHEAD."
"KANKAKEE RADIO, CESSNA 13MIKE WOULD LIKE TO CLOSE ITS VFR FLIGHT PLAN, AND FILE A POP UP IFR FLIGHT PLAN TO WILLARD - CHAMPAIGN AIRPORT. CURRENTLY, I'M ONE TWO MILES NORTH OF ROBERTS VOR."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, VFR FLIGHT PLAN IS CLOSED. IS THERE A DIFFERENT ROUTING YOU'D LIKE?"
"CESSNA 13MIKE, YES! HERE'S MY IFR FLIGHT PLAN REQUEST. IFR, CURRENT POSITION ROBERTS ZERO THREE ZERO RADIAL, ONE TWO DME DIRECT TO RBS, DIRECT VINEY, DESTINATION WILLARD - CHAMPAIGN, CMI. ETE ZERO PLUS THIRTY."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, MAINTAIN CURRENT POSITION NORTH OF ROBERTS WHILE WE PICK UP A CLEARANCE FROM CHICAGO CENTER."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, ROGER!"
"That means we can keep approaching Roberts, and I don't think it'll take long for them to come back. Meanwhile, I heard this joke the other day about a flea who wanted to be a dog - and he saw this - durn it! That's us!"
"CESSNA 13MIKE, KANKAKEE RADIO, I HAVE YOUR IFR CLEARANCE."
"KANKAKEE RADIO, CESSNA 13MIKE IS READY TO COPY."
"ATC CLEARS CESSNA 9413MIKE TO WILLARD, CHAMPAIGN AS FILED. MAINTAIN FOUR THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED. CONTACT CHAMPAIGN APPROACH FREQUENCY ONE TWO ONE POINT THREE FIVE. SQUAWK FOUR FIVE SIX TWO. OVER."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE CLEARED CHAMPAIGN AS FILED. MAINTAIN FOUR THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED. APPROACH ONE TWO ONE POINT THREE FIVE, SQUAWK FOUR FIVE SIX TWO."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, READBACK CORRECT.
"KANKAKEE RADIO, CESSNA 13MIKE, THANKS FOR YOUR HELP. I'M SWITCHING APPROACH."
9) Set XPDR to "4562"
10) Tune COM to "121.35" (Champaign Approach)
"CHAMPAIGN APPROACH, CESSNA 9413MIKE, IS WITH YOU, FOUR THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED, IFR WILLARD, CHAMPAIGN."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, CHAMPAIGN APPROACH, IDENT."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, IDENT."
11) "Press the IDENT button (simulate)
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, CHAMPAIGN APPROACH, RADAR CONTACT. CLEARED DIRECT ROBERTS, VICTOR FOUR TWENTY NINE. EXPECT VECTORS VOR DME RUNWAY TWO TWO RIGHT APPROACH."
"CHAMPAIGN APPROACH, CESSNA 9413MIKE, OVER ROBERTS, OUTBOUND VICTOR FOUR TWENTY NINE FOR VECTORS VOR DME TWO TWO RIGHT. MAINTAIN FOUR THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED."
"Doesn 't it bring tears to your eyes to realize how easy all that was? Is there any Kleenex handy? Now check your low altitude enroute chart, so you have the macro picture of what you're doing. Also start dragging out the VOR DME approach into runway two two. Study it as you're flying, get a feel for it, and at the same time, start transitioning to an instrument scan frame of mind. Never mind the flea!"
1) When the DME on NAV 1 reads "0.4" [0.6], turn LEFT to a heading of "186"
2) "Set NAV 1 OBS to "186"
3) "Press "P" to pause the simulation
a) Set Surface winds "TURBULENCE" to "0"
b) Set Level 1 "TURBULENCE" to "1"
a) Set Bottom Level - TOPS to "3000"
b) Set Bottom Level - BASE to "2000"
c) Set Thunderstorm - TOPS to "9000"
d) Set Thunderstorm - BASE to "3500"
e) Set Thunderstorm - COVERAGE to "widely scattered"
4) Press "P" to continue the simulation
1) Track outbound on the ROBERTS VOR 186 radial that your NAV 1 OBI is displaying
"Looking at the approach plate for the VOR DME runway two two Right approach, what potential initial approach fix did we just pass?
How many other initial approach fixes does this approach have anyway?Look carefully, because it's pretty tricky!__________(5 pts) Nice thunderstorms, huh? Why not flip over to ATIS on one two four point eight five so we get a feel for whether runway three two is still the wind preferred runway? Whoa! Get permission from Approach."
"CHAMPAIGN APPROACH, CESSNA 9413MIKE WOULD LIKE TO SWITCH OFF THE FREQUENCY FOR A MOMENT."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, APPROVED AS REQUESTED. REPORT BACK ON."
2) Tune COM to "124.85" (Champaign ATIS)
"WILLARD - CHAMPAIGN AIRPORT, INFORMATION HOTEL, ONE TWO FIVE FIVE ZULU WEATHER, MEASURED CEILING TWO THOUSAND OVERCAST, VISIBILITY ONE ZERO, TEMPERATURE FOUR TWO, DEWPOINT THREE THREE, WIND THREE THREE ZERO AT ONE TWO. ALTIMETER TWO NINER EIGHT SIX. ILS RUNWAY THREE TWO LEFT IN USE. LANDING AND DEPARTING RUNWAY THREE TWO LEFT. CONTACT CHAMPAIGN TOWER ON ONE TWO ZERO POINT FOUR. ADVISE ON INITIAL CONTACT YOU HAVE INFORMATION HOTEL."
"Marvelous! Our circling plans are going to work! Check your instruments, get back to Approach, strap in, and put on your 13MIKE sweat band because you 're going to work!"
3) Set ALTIMETER, set HI, and check FUEL
4) Tune COM to "121.35" (Champaign Approach)
"CHAMPAIGN APPROACH, CESSNA 9413MIKE IS BACK WITH YOU."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, ROGER."
** 5) When NAV 1 DME DIST reads "10.5"rdquo;, record:
HEADING for centered NAV 1 CDI_____________(30 pts)
6) When the DME on NAV 1 reads "11.5":
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, CHAMPAIGN APPROACH, TURN LEFT HEADING ONE FOUR FIVE. DESCEND AND MAINTAIN TWO THOUSAND FOUR HUNDRED."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, LEFT TO ONE FOUR FIVE. DESCEND AND MAINTAIN TWO THOUSAND FOUR HUNDRED."
7) Turn left to a heading of "145"
8) Set DME to "NAV 2"
En route Descent:
1) Reduce power to about "1700"  RPM
2) Descend to and maintain "2400" feet
"We're training, right? It's tempting to reset your NAV 1 to the Champaign approach frequency, but I want you to hold it on the NA V 2. Experience the need to execute an instrument approach using the bottom navaid. Scan pattern doesn't change any, but it'll feel weird until your eyes call it home! This will be some good in cloud weather flying!"
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, CHAMPAIGN APPROACH, CLEARED VOR DME RUNWAY TWO TWO RIGHT APPROACH, CIRCLE TO RUNWAY THREE TWO LEFT."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE IS CLEARED VOR DME RUNWAY TWO TWO RIGHT, CIRCLE TO RUNWAY THREE TWO LEFT."
3) When the NAV 2 CDI needle is 1 dot LEFT of center, start your RIGHT turn to a heading of "208"
4) Track inbound on the CHAMPAIGN VOR 028 radial
5) When passing "2500" feet, begin level off, keeping power at about "1700"  RPM
"Good thinking! That '11 reduce your airspeed to about one hundred and ten knots or so, and I liked your pre-thought out turn to the inbound track The orchestra will begin to play when you pop out of the clouds and the field is in sight! William Tell Overture -just get that picture in your sonic mind!"
6) Press "P" to pause the simulation
** 7) Answer the following from the VOR/DME RWY 22R approach plate:
A. At what DME is the arcing part of the procedure?
B. When can you leave 2400 feet?_____________________(5 pts)
C. Where is the missed approach point at?
D. If you didn't sight the field until right at the missed approach point, would you turn LEFT or RIGHT to begin circling?_________________________(5 pts)
E. What is the airport elevation?________________________(5 pts)
F. At the 2.7 DME fix, what altitude should you be at if the altimeter setting you have is not Champaign's, but Decatur's?________________________(5 pts)
G. If your approach speed is 90 knots, what is the minimum descent altitude for your circling approach with Champaign's altimeter setting?____________(5 pts)
8) Press "P" to continue the simulation
VOR Approach Inbound:
1) When the NAV 2 DME DIST reads "9.0", GEAR "DOWN"
2) Reduce power to about "1600"  RPM
3) Set CARB HEAT "ON"
4) When the NAV 2 DME DIST reads "7.5", press "P" to pause the simulation
** 5) Record your:
HEADING for a centered NAV 2 CDI________(30 pts)
CARB HEAT___________________________(15 pts)
COM FREQUENCY_____________________(10 pts)
6) Press "P" to continue the simulation
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, CHAMPAIGN APPROACH, CONTACT CHAMPAIGN TOWER ONE TWO ZERO POINT FOUR. GOOD DAY!"
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, TOWER ONE TWO ZERO FOUR. THANKS!"
7) Tune COM to "120.4" (Champaign Tower)
"CHAMPAIGN TOWER, CESSNA 9413MIKE IS SEVEN MILES INBOUND ON VOR DME RUNWAY TWO TWO RIGHT, CIRCLE TO LAND THREE TWO LEFT. FULL STOP WITH INFORMATION HOTEL."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, CHAMPAIGN TOWER, REPORT FIELD IN SIGHT."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE WILL REPORT FIELD IN SIGHT."
8) When the NAV 2 DME DIST reads "6.0", reduce power to about "1500"  RPM
9) Descend to and maintain "1400" feet
"In three point three miles, you need to lose one thousand feet of altitude. At one hundred knots, about one and a half miles per minute, that means a rate of descent of about five hundred feet per minute. It's nice to be there a little early, so make it six to seven hundred feet per minute. See the thinking that goes along with these approaches?
10) When airport environment is in sight:
"Dah dah dah dah dah dah dah - DAHDAH - KABOOM! Isn 't it one of the prettiest sights you've seen? This is what instrument flying is all about - it never gets old for me! The end is always so exciting! Did you like my William Tell Overture solo? "
"CHAMPAIGN TOWER, CESSNA 9413MIKE HAS FIELD IN SIGHT."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, REPORT ONE MILE RIGHT BASE RUNWAY THREE TWO LEFT."
"CESSNA 13MIKE WILL REPORT ONE MILE RIGHT BASE, THREE TWO LEFT."
11) Continue inbound until NAV 2 DME DIST reads "2.7"
"Great judgment on that one! No need to make a great big wide circle. I see you're trying to set it up to look as normal to a visual maneuver as possible. Now, I'm going to shut up to the best of my ability and let you solo your way into the landing. I feel confident of your skills from all that I've seen to date!"
Circle to land:
1) Circle LEFT for a setup to final on Runway 32
2) Descend to and maintain "1160" feet
3) When you have slowed to 90 knots, set FLAPS to first notch (10 degrees)
4) When runway 32's approach lights are at your 2 o'clock position, set FLAPS to second notch (20 degrees)
"CHAMPAIGN TOWER, CESSNA 13MIKE ONE MILE RIGHT BASE, RUNWAY THREE TWO LEFT."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, CHAMPAIGN TOWER, RUNWAY THREE TWO LEFT, CLEARED TO LAND."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, CLEARED TO LAND."
5) Turn RIGHT to establish your FINAL leg of the circling approach
6) When established on the FINAL leg, set FLAPS to third notch (30 degrees)
7) Descend on FINAL at about a 700 FPM rate of descent
8) Airspeed should be 70 knots
9) When the altimeter reads "900" feet, press "P" to pause the simulation
** 10) Record your:
VASI Lights color sequence_______over______(40 pts)
RPM _________________________________(20 pts)
VSI __________________________________(20 pts)
COM FREQUENCY_____________________(15 pts)
11) Press "P" to continue the simulation
"Brings to my mind another of the ten commandments for safe flying! ‘Oft thou shalt confirm thy airspeed on final, lest the earth rise up and smite thee.’ Don't relax until the tires stop turning!"
12) When you are 10 to 20 feet off the runway, reduce power to about "1000" RPM and start to slowly pitch the nose of the aircraft up to slow your descent and establish a touchdown attitude
13) When you are five feet off the runway, hold the nose of the aircraft up and allow the airspeed to SLOWLY bleed off. Your aircraft will settle onto the runway while you follow the centerline
14) After touchdown, reduce power to 600 RPM
15) Apply the brakes
"CESSNA 13MIKE, TURN RIGHT SECOND INTERSECTION. CONTACT GROUND POINT EIGHT EXITING THE RUNWAY."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, SECOND INTERSECTION, RIGHT."
16) Taxi the aircraft off the active runway to the RIGHT
17) When the aircraft has stopped, set CARB HEAT to "OFF"
18) Set FLAPS to "0"
"Tremendous! You are becoming quite an instrument pilot, and you should be very proud of your performance! You've been well prepared, excited, and bold in making decisions, not waiting on me to tell you every little thing! That's what an instructor likes to see with his students. All right! Wrap things up and I'll treat you to lunch and a five star debrief!"
19) Tune COM to "121.8" (Champaign Ground)
"CHAMPAIGN GROUND, CESSNA 9413MIKE REQUEST TAXI TO THE TERMINAL."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, CHAMPAIGN GROUND, TAXI TO THE TERMINAL."
** 20) Record the TIME_____________________________(5 pts)
TOTAL POINTS POSSIBLE FOR THIS FLIGHT 715