by Fred J. Calfior and Douglas W. Miller
"I can hear the Rawhide song now! 'Roll 'em, roll 'em, roll 'em. Keep them doggies rollin'. Roll 'em, roll 'em, roll 'em, RAWHIDE!' We better do that for it's right on our tail. Yippee! Fuel - good. Trim - takeoff. Oil - both pressure and temperature, no trouble. Lights on. Flaps at ten. We're off - or on - or up - or going - or going to be up!"
1) Record TIME_____________________________
2) Release brakes and taxi onto runway 28
3) Advance power to "FULL"
4) Maintain centerline of runway
5) At 50 knots airspeed, lift nose wheel off runway
6) At 70 knots, ease back on the yoke to establish a 10 degree pitch up attitude
7) Maintain a climb AIRSPEED of 80 knots
8) Raise Gear when there is no more runway to land on
9) At "500" feet above the ground, raise the FLAPS to "0"
"That's right! Call up Departure Control now, but meanwhile, keep that runway heading until given further instructions. Scan, scan, scan!"
10) Tune COM to "119.45" (Ocean Departure)
"OCEAN DEPARTURE, CESSNA 9413MIKE IS WITH YOU, PASSING EIGHT HUNDRED FOR FIVE THOUSAND."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, OCEAN DEPARTURE, IDENT."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, IDENT."
11) Press the IDENT button (simulate)
12) Reduce power to about "2300" RPM at "1000" feet above the ground (AGL)
"CESSNA 13MIKE, OCEAN DEPARTURE, RADAR CONTACT."
"It's not necessary for them to tell us anything, so don't look so surprised! Remember, we already have our clearance to five thousand, and it's overflying the NDB, so now's as good a time as any to course reverse and home in to the NDB facility."
1) When the altimeter reads "1500" feet, turn LEFT and home in directly to the BLOCK ISLAND NDB
2) When wings are level, press "P" to pause the simulation
** 3) Record your:
HOMING HEADING to BLOCK ISLAND NDB
NAV 1 DME DIST_______________________(25 pts)
COM FREQUENCY_____________________(10 pts)
4) Press "P" to continue the simulation
"You don't have to hold a set in cement magnetic course to the NDB. That's the pure joy of homing to an NDB. Simply keep the needle on the top of the indicator at all times, until it falls off to the left or to the right. If the needle falls slowly to the left or right at station passage, that means you're offset right or left of the station. If the ADF falls rapidly, then you passed directly overhead."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, OCEAN DEPARTURE, OVER BLOCK ISLAND NDB, TURN LEFT HEADING ZERO FOUR ZERO UNTIL INTERCEPTING VICTOR THREE SEVEN FOUR."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, AT BLOCK ISLAND NDB, TURN LEFT HEADING ZERO FOUR ZERO TO INTERCEPT VICTOR THREE SEVEN FOUR."
"Well, that's good! We could have taken a zero four six magnetic bearing from the NDB, but I think we've both had enough work in that area! And Sandy Point VOR is under maintenance because you can't get an ident off of it, so this vector is quite helpful."
5) When the ADF needle falls left or right 90 degrees, turn LEFT to a heading of "040"
6) Begin to level off when the altimeter reads "4900" feet
7) Maintain "5000" feet
8) Reduce power to about "2250"  RPM
"Yeah! Let's keep the power up because it's no use dragging our way to Marthas Vineyard. It might prove to save us from messing around with any thunderstorms that are broodingly moving in to the airport."
9) Tune NAV 1 to "108.2" [114.5] (MVY)
10) Set the NAV 1 OBS to "102"
11) Deactivate the ADF
12) Set the NAV 2 OBS to "166"
"I like it! Providence VOR is going to be used to verify you've passed the checkpoint or intersection on our airway to Marthas Vineyard. Jolly good show! And the '102' you've set into the OBS of number one is the inbound heading to Marthas Vineyard, rather than the '100' from Groton VOR. Keep those sound decisions coming!"
"CESSNA 13MIKE, CONTACT BOSTON CENTER ONE THREE TWO POINT NINER."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, SWITCHING ONE THREE TWO POINT NINER. GOOD DAY!"
13) Tune COM to "132.9" (Boston Center)
"BOSTON CENTER, CESSNA 9413MIKE WITH YOU AT FIVE THOUSAND."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, RADAR CONTACT."
"It'd be fascinating to visit one of these Center facilities one day! I'd ask them to let me say one thing over the radios! 'RADAR CONTACT'. There's a certain amount of power behind those words! You know, such as, 'I see you, but you can't see me!' Well, all joking aside, Center has always been nothing but help to us pilots. And they love us too!"
Victor Airway enroute:
1) When the NAV 1 DME DIST reads "37.0":
"CESSNA 13MIKE, BOSTON CENTER, TURN LEFT HEADING ZERO THREE ZERO, VECTOR FOR TRAFFIC."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, LEFT ZERO THREE ZERO."
"There's a prime example of why Center is so vital. Someone is close to us. He's not referring to barge traffic on the water, that's for sure! I see your eyes roving erratically! Don't drop the NAV 1 CDI out of your scan because it'll be moving soon and that's our cue to press straight on to Marthas Vineyard."
2) Turn LEFT to a heading of "030"
3) When the NAV 1 CDI is ½ dot LEFT of center, turn RIGHT to a heading of "102"
4) When wings are level, press "P" to pause the simulation
** 5) Record your:
NAV 1 DME DIST_______________________(35 pts)
IS MINNK INTERSECTION BEHIND OR IN FRONT
OF YOU?_____________________________(30 pts)
MARTHAS VINEYARD VOR IDENT
6) Press "P" to continue the simulation
7) Track inbound on the MARTHAS VINEYARD 282 radial
"How about we get below the reported base of those thunderstorms by descending to three thousand feet. That's the MEA along this Victor airway we're on anyway, so navigation signal loss won't be a concern. No, we don't want to be below cumulonimbus clouds, but no use accidentally flying into one either!"
"BOSTON CENTER, CESSNA 13MIKE, REQUEST DESCENT TO THREE THOUSAND."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, DESCEND AND MAINTAIN THREE THOUSAND."
8) When the NAV 2 CDI is centered, establish a "500" feet per minute rate of descent to "3000" feet
"Now don't get mechanical on me! Just because you're starting a descent doesn't mean that power always has to come off! As long as we don't exceed the maximum RPM's for the altitude we're at, let's see how close to the Blackbird's top speed we can get! Would you believe a Cessna Citation VI? How about a duck in the jet stream?!"
9) Maintain power at about "2250"  RPM
** 10) What intersection did you just pass?______________(30 pts)
** 11) What HEADING keeps the NAV 1 CDI needle centered?
** 12) When passing through "4000" feet, record your:
GROUND SPEED__________________________(25 pts)
"We need ATIS information from Marthas Vineyard - you're absolutely on the mark! You have the honors!"
"BOSTON CENTER, CESSNA 13MIKE, WOULD LIKE TO SWITCH OFF THE FREQUENCY FOR A MOMENT."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, APPROVED AS REQUESTED. WHEN ABLE, CONTACT CAPE APPROACH ONE TWO FOUR POINT SEVEN."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, CAPE APPROACH ONE TWO FOUR POINT SEVEN. THANK YOU FOR YOUR SERVICE."
13) Tune COM to "126.25" (Marthas Vineyard ATIS)
"MARTHAS VINEYARD AIRPORT, INFORMATION ZULU, TWO THREE FIVE FIVE ZULU WEATHER, ESTIMATED CEILING FIVE HUNDRED OVERCAST, VISIBILITY ONE, FOG, TEMPERATURE SEVEN SEVEN, DEWPOINT SEVEN FIVE. WIND TWO FIVE ZERO AT ONE FOUR. ALTIMETER TWO NINER SEVEN SIX. ILS RUNWAY TWO FOUR IN USE. LANDING RUNWAY TWO FOUR. ALL INBOUNDS CONTACT CAPE APPROACH ON ONE TWO FOUR POINT SEVEN. ADVISE ON INITIAL CONTACT YOU HAVE INFORMATION ZULU."
14) Set ALTIMETER, set HI, check FUEL
15) Tune COM to "124.7" (Cape Approach)
"CAPE APPROACH, CESSNA 9413MDXE IS WITH YOU AT THREE THOUSAND."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, CAPE APPROACH, SQUAWK FIVE FIVE THREE THREE, AND IDENT."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, SQUAWK FIVE FIVE THREE THREE, AND IDENT."
16) Set XPDR to "5533" (new assigned IFR code)
17) Press the IDENT button (simulate)
"CESSNA 13MIKE, RADAR CONTACT."
"From the looks of things, I'd say we're going to go to BORST intersection as the initial approach fix for the ILS, through Marthas Vineyard VOR. To do a course reversal for this approach into runway two four, youhave to do a holding pattern turn, as depicted on the approach chart. Look it over and I'll quiz you on it as we go!"
18) When the NAV 1 DME DIST reads "10.0":
"CESSNA 13MIKE, CLEARED FOR ILS RUNWAY TWO FOUR APPROACH. DESCEND AND MAINTAIN ONE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, ILS RUNWAY TWO FOUR, DESCEND AND MAINTAIN ONE THOUSAND FIVE HUNDRED."
19) Reduce power to about "1700"  RPM
20) Descend to and maintain "1500" feet at a "1200" feet per minute rate of descent
21) When level, add power to about "1900"  RPM
22) Press "P" to pause the simulation
"Now since the localizer is most important for you to navigate during this approach, set the localizer frequency on the top VOR indicator. When doing all this preliminary stuff, you '11 just have to work it out with the lower indicator. But you 've been doing that so often with me throughout our flights, that I know you have no problems using NAV 1 or NAV 2, huh?
Now take a look at your approach plate for the ILS runway two four approach into Marthas Vineyard.
** A. What is the outbound course of the holding pattern depicted?
B. How many miles is it from Marthas Vineyard VOR to the initial approach fix?__________________________(5 pts)
C. What is the minimum glideslope altitude?__________(5 pts)
D. At what altitude will you cross BORST if you 're on glideslope?__________________________________(5 pts)
E. If the glideslope becomes out of service, how much higher is the minimum descent altitude (MDA) than the decision height (DH)?_________________________________(5 pts)
F. What is the touchdown zone elevation?____________(5pts)
Okay! That's enough to round out your education as far as this flight is concerned! Now, let 'sfly this with a smiling brain!"
23) Press "P" to continue the simulation
To the initial approach fix:
1) Tune NAV 2 to "108.2" [114.5] (MVY)
2) Set the NAV 2 OBS to "058"
3) When the NAV 1 DME DIST reads "3.0", press "P" to pause the simulation
** 4) Record your:
NAV 1 CDI POSITION____________________(40 pts)
DISTANCE to ILS RWY 24 Initial Approach Fix
5) Press "P" to continue the simulation
6) When the NAV 1 DME DIST reads "0.4", turn LEFT to a heading of "058"
7) Track outbound on the MARTHAS VINEYARD VOR 058 radial which your NAV 2 OBI indicates
8) Tune NAV 1 to "108.7" (IMVY localizer)
9) Set the NAV 1 OBS to "236"
10) Set the DME to "NAV 2" and "DIST"
"You somehow want to go to the far right corner of the holding pattern, so that you can execute a simple standard rate turn to the left, correct? To do that from BORST, it's a thirty degree cut from the zero five six outbound holding pattern heading, which makes it zero eight six, doesn't it? And you want to be about one hundred knots in any holding pattern."
Teardrop course reversal:
1) When the NAV 2 DME DIST reads "4.2", turn RIGHT to a heading of "086"
2) Maintain a heading of "086" for one minute
3) Set the DME to "NAV 1"
4) Reduce power to about "1600"  RPM
5) Turn LEFT towards a heading which will intercept the localizerinbound
6) When wings are level, press "P" to pause the simulation
** 7) Record your:
NAV 1 DME DIST________________________(40 pts)
INTERCEPT HEADING____________________(40 pts)
ANTICIPATED DME FOR GLIDESLOPE
DESIRED INBOUND LOCALIZER COURSE
DECISION HEIGHT______________________(10 pts)
8) Press "P" to continue the simulation
9) Track inbound on the MARTHAS VINEYARD LOCALIZER 056 radial offof the NAV 1 OBI
10) Maintain an airspeed of about 100 knots
"It's all yours! You know the deck is low, so be particularly sharp on being on glides lope and on course. Don't forget how sensitive the CDI needle becomes in close, so don 'tfly with bacon in your hands! Get it?Don't be ham-fisted!"
1) When the glideslope needle is centered, select GEAR "DOWN"
2) Set CARB HEAT "ON"
3) Set FLAPS to first notch (10 degrees)
4) Maintain glideslope with a "500-600" FPM rate of descent
5) Reduce power to about "1500"  RPM
"CESSNA 13MIKE, CONTACT MARTHAS VINEYARD TOWER ONE TWO ONE POINT FOUR."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, SWITCHING TOWER ONE TWO ONE POINT FOUR. IT'S BEEN GREAT!"
6) Tune COM to "121.4" (Vineyard Tower)
"VINEYARD TOWER, CESSNA 9413MIKE FOUR MILES INBOUND, ILS RUNWAY TWO FOUR APPROACH, WITH INFORMATION ZULU."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, VINEYARD TOWER, RUNWAY TWO FOUR, CLEARED TO LAND. REPORT FIELD IN SIGHT."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, CLEARED TO LAND, WILL REPORT FIELD IN SIGHT."
"Be thinking of your missed approach instructions. You'll be needing to use the NAV 2 for it, if the field doesn't pop into sight. Keep thinking ahead!"
Missed Approach Point:
1) When the NAV 1 DME DIST reads "2.5", press "P" to pause the simulation
** 2) Record your:
NAV 1 GLIDESLOPE NEEDLE POSITION
NAV 1 CDI POSITION____________________(45 pts)
COM FREQUENCY______________________(15 pts)
3) Press "P" to continue the simulation
4) When the altimeter reads "265" feet, the field should suddenly pop into sight
"You can't get much closer to missing the field than that! But what a beautiful sight right down the runway! Take '13MIKE' in, Skymaster!"
5) Set FLAPS to second notch (20 degrees)
VINEYARD TOWER, CESSNA 13MIKE HAS FIELD."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, ROGER! WINDS ARE TWO SIX ZERO AT ONE TWO."
6) When the altimeter reads "150" feet, set FLAPS to third notch (30 degrees)
7) Airspeed should be 70 knots
8) When you are 10 to 20 feet off the runway, reduce power to about "1000" RPM and start to slowly pitch the nose of the aircraft up to slow your descent and establish a touchdown attitude
9) When you are five feet off the runway, hold the nose of the aircraft up and allow the airspeed to SLOWLY bleed off. Your aircraft will settle onto the runway while you follow the centerline
10) After touchdown, reduce power to 600 RPM
11) Apply the brakes
"CESSNA 13MIKE, CROSS RUNWAY ONE FIVE - THREE THREE, AND TURN LEFT ON FOLLOWING INTERSECTION. CONTACT GROUND POINT EIGHT EXITING THE RUNWAY."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, ROGER. GROUND POINT EIGHT."
"There's the control tower, and I believe they 're pretty close to shutting operations down. Hey, look at that deer that crossed in front of us! They're probably drawn by the taxi lights. Let's park this phenomenally fine-tuned aircraft, and we '11 debrief the flight. "
12) Taxi the aircraft off the active runway to the LEFT
13) When the aircraft has stopped, set CARB HEAT to "OFF"
14) Set FLAPS to "0"
15) Tune COM to "121.8" (Marthas Vineyard Ground)
"VINEYARD GROUND, CESSNA 9413MIKE FOR TAXI."
"CESSNA 9413MIKE, VINEYARD GROUND, TAXI STRAIGHT AHEAD TO THE BASE OF THE CONTROL TOWER."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, TO THE TOWER. THANKS!"
"This flight was one of your best ones! Thank you for paying such undivided attention to my instructions, but you have reaped the gratifying rewards of a job excellently well done. As a prize, Professor Miller has a stuffed '13MIKE' model waiting for you on the ramp! See it? Its prop even glows in the dark!"
** 16) Record the TIME____________________________(5 pts)
TOTAL POINTS POSSIBLE FOR THIS FLIGHT 1105