by Fred J. Calfior and Douglas W. Miller
"Flap settings are checked at 10 degrees, we're full on fuel - check it, trimmed for takeoff, oil temperature and pressure are in limits - yeah, as long as you see the needles on the green, you're okay. Verify no traffic on final once more - go for it!"
1) Record TIME_________________________________
2) Release brakes and taxi onto runway 36
3) Advance power to "FULL"
4) Maintain centerline of runway
5) At 50 knots airspeed lift nose wheel off runway
6) At 70 knots ease back on the yoke to establish a 10 degree pitch up attitude
7) Maintain a climb AIRSPEED of 80 knots
8) Raise Gear when there is no more runway to land on
9) At "500" feet above the ground raise the FLAPS to "0"
10) Reduce power to about "2300" RPM at "1000" feet above the ground (AGL)
"This should give you approximately an "800" feet per minute climb rate on your Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI). You're looking solid here!"
1) Maintain runway heading and climb to "2000" feet
2) At "2000" feet, start a climbing LEFT turn to a heading of "266"
"All your turns should be STANDARD RATE. You make a STANDARD RATE turn by keeping the wings on the little airplane displayed on the TURN COORDINATOR aligned with the "L" indicator. It's easy to overbank, but keep that control in your scan as well as looking out for other traffic. That's it! Keep your head on a swivel!!"
3) Start to roll out when you see "275" in the DG window
4) Maintain a heading of "266"
"Yeah boy! You just keep that heading steady, unless you notice that the winds at altitude here are pulling you off the ground track you've planned for. Check your landmarks."
5) Track inbound on the "086" radial (266 course) that your NAV 1OBI is displaying
"To track inbound on a VOR radial, you keep the CDI needle centered by making minor heading changes to compensate for winds. If the needle goes off to the left side, it's a left correction, if it goes right, it's a right correction. "
1) Begin to level off when the altimeter reads "4400" feet
2) Maintain "4500" feet
3) Reduce power to about "2200"  RPM
"You should be fairly stabilized by now with that centered needle, so let's see what we've got. According to the winds aloft forecast, we had winds at altitude of about 070 at 20 knots, right? Don't we expect a bit of a right correction and an impressive ground speed?"
** 1) At "20" DME, record your ground speed________ , (25 pts) and heading__________________, (25 pts) for a centered CDl needle
** 2) How many other airports can you see easily somewhere along your en route track to JOLIET VOR?_______________ on the left (15 pts) -______________ on the right (15 pts)
"As we get closer and closer to Joliet VOR, be thinking ahead to your course change and when you want to initiate it. You're only turning approximately 60 degrees, so not much lead is necessary - maybe when your Number 1 DME reads 0. 7 or 0.8. Keep looking outside for traffic! We don't want any surprise visits in our cockpit!!!!"
3) Watch your DIST on the NAV I DME, and when it reads "0.7" then commence your RIGHT turn to a heading of "330"
4) When your heading indicator reads "320", start to roll out
5) After you have rolled out, press "P" to pause the simulation
** 6) Record your:
NAV 1 DME DIST____________________________(25 pts)
7) Press "P" to continue the simulation
8) Track outbound on the "330" radial that your NAV 2 OBI is displaying
"Just to get a little more specific with you on these corrections, if you constantly drift to the left, as it seems is happening, then you need to make a wind correction to your current planned heading. Try and offset to the right about 20 degrees in order to get that needle moving back towards the center. Once centered, take half that correction out and see what happens. "
1) When established outbound, reduce power to about "1900"  RPM, descend and maintain "2300" feet
"Whenever we descend, it's not like we want to imitate a rock! A nice average control rate of descent is about 700 feet per minute in the en route structure, so let's shoot for that. "
2) Tune NAV 1 to "108.4" (DPA) and set the DME to "NAV 2"
3) Set NAV 1 OBS to "002" in the upper window
4) Watch your NAV 1 CDI, and when the needle is centered, press "P" to pause the simulation
** 5) Record your:
NAV 2 DME_____________________________(25 pts)
NAV l DME_____________________________(25 pts)
6) Press "P" to continue the simulation
"Do you see what we're doing? We're simply heading north and orienting ourselves for the expected approach into Aurora's runway 36, since winds are probably close to the same as they were in Lansing. In a little while, I want you to get the airport information from Lansing's Automatic Terminal Information Service which is called ATIS. As a matter of fact, let's do that now on 125.85, so that we can call Aurora Tower and not rush. "
7) Tune COM on "125.85" (Aurora ATIS)
"AURORA MUNICIPAL, INFORMATION INDIA, 1500 WEATHER, SKY CLEAR, VISIBILITY 35. TEMPERATURE 81, WIND 010 AT 8. ALTIMETER 30.00. LANDING AND DEPARTING RUNWAY 36. ADVISE ON INITIAL CONTACT YOU HAVE INFORMATION INDIA."
"Just as I thought! Okay, just as we thought! Let's fly to our next checkpoint. "
8) Set NAV 1 OBS to "014" and commence a further descent to "2000" feet
9) Set ALTIMETER, set DG, and check FUEL
"Before we cruise into the airport traffic area's five mile radius, since there's a tower, we need to call tower and get cleared in. According to your sectional, tower is on 120.6, and keep your eye on that Number 1 needle. Let tower know where you are and altitude. "
10) Tune COM to "120.6" (Aurora Tower)
"AURORA TOWER, THIS IS CESSNA 13MIKE, ABOUT SEVEN MILES SOUTH OF THE FIELD, DESCENDING TO 2000 FEET, INBOUND FOR LANDING WITH INDIA. REQUEST A STRAIGHT IN TO A FULL STOP, RUNWAY 36."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, CONTINUE INBOUND AND REPORT WHEN FOUR MILES FROM THE FIELD. A STRAIGHT IN IS APPROVED, BUT BE ADVISED OF POSSIBILITY OF THE NEED TO ADJUST SPEED DUE TO NUMEROUS AIRCRAFT IN THE PATTERN."
"13MIKE, WILL REPORT FOUR MILES."
11) Watch your NAV 1 CDI, when the needle again centers, press "P" to pause the simulation
** 12) Record your:
NAV 2 DME________________________(25 pts)
NAV 1 DME________________________(25 pts)
IS THE FIELD IN SIGHT?_____________(15 pts)
13) Press "P" to continue the simulation
"You will now start your long "FINAL" leg of the approach, also known as a straight in approach. You should be able to see Aurora Municipal's runway 36. That centered needle corresponds real close to being about four miles from the field, so hail them with the good news!"
"AURORA TOWER, 13MIKE IS ON A FOUR MILE FINAL FOR A FULL STOP ON RUNWAY 36."
Figure 5.2. Straight in approach to runway 36
"13MIKE, HAVE YOU IN SIGHT. YOUR TRAFFIC IS ON A ONE MILE FINAL FOR A TOUCH AND GO, FOLLOW HIM. YOU ARE CLEARED FOR A FULL STOP LANDING."
"13MIKE, CLEARED TO LAND. TRAFFIC INSIGHT."
1) CARB HEAT "ON"
2) Select GEAR "DOWN"
3) Reduce power to about "1400"  RPM
"We're coming in slightly from the right, aren't we? So correct to the left to line up on runway 36, and keep that touchdown area of the runway fixed on the lower segment of your windscreen as a visual reference. We need to slow to 90 knots, so we can get some flaps in. Very smooth flying - you're quite enjoyable to fly with!"
4) When you have slowed to 90 knots, set FLAPS to first notch (10 degrees)
5) Try and maintain a 400 ft per minute descent on your Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
6) When the NAV 1 DME reads "11.3", set FLAPS to second notch (20 degrees)
"This is looking wunderbar! Prima! Rad! Cool! Hep! Well, watch your descent - all you need is about 400 feet per minute. Remember, control is the key. Try and maintain the same runway aspect as you continue your descent. Don't let the runway rise or fall.
7) When the altimeter displays "1100" feet, set FLAPS to third notch (30 degrees), airspeed should be 70 knots
"Oh, I can say these following words in my sleep! But I want you to think of these words as naturally as breathing when you're in the landing phase. Adjust height with power, and airspeed with pitch. Hold the yoke lightly so you don't gorilla paw the corrections!
8) Press "P" to pause the simulation
** 9) Record your:
10) Press "P" to continue the simulation
11) When you are 10 to 20 feet off the runway, reduce power to about "1000" RPM, and start to slowly pitch the nose of the aircraft up to slow your descent and establish a touchdown attitude
"10 to 20 feet is still a long way to fall, so WATCH YOUR AIRSPEED! Be careful not to stall the aircraft. Don't let your airspeed drop below 60 knots. As long as you're holding your landing attitude prior to this, and the runway is still fixed on your windscreen, only getting bigger, you'll always be safe with your speed."
12) When you are five feet off the runway, hold the nose of the aircraft up and allow the airspeed to SLOWLY bleed off. Your aircraft will settle onto the runway while you follow the centerline.
"That's it! Do this with the speed of smoothness. Treat it with a velvet touch. Don't be impatient! Just let the aircraft settle onto the runway slowly."
13) After touchdown, reduce power to 600 RPM
14) Apply the brakes
15) Turn left and taxi off the active runway
16) When aircraft has stopped, set CARB HEAT to "OFF"
17) Set FLAPS to "0"
"Did I ever enjoy that landing! I'm telling you, that was a masterpiece! We've still got some things to do and take care of. One of which is to switch to Ground Control on 121.7 and get our taxi clearance to the terminal. I'm parched for a Wal-Mart Sam's Choice Free # Clear Strawberry Low-Calorie Sparkling Flavored Beverage! No, a Wal-Mart isn't here, but I brought a bottle with me! Let's close your flight plan after you get inside, you can use the phone."
18) Tune COM to "121.7" (Aurora Ground)
"AURORA GROUND, CESSNA 13MIKE IS DOWN AND CLEAR OF RUNWAY 36 FOR TAXI TO THE TERMINAL."
"13MIKE, TAXI TO THE TERMINAL."
** 19) Record the TIME___________________________(5 pts)
TOTAL POINTS POSSIBLE FOR THIS FLIGHT 615