by Fred J. Calfior and Douglas W. Miller
"Okay! Line up real pretty on the centerline of 21, that's right - check your flaps, they're at 10 degrees, full fuel - good, trimmed for takeoff, and oil temperature and pressure both are within limits. Ready when you are!"
1) Record TIME__________
2) Release brakes and taxi onto runway 21
3) Advance power to "FULL"
4) Maintain centerline of runway
5) At 50 knots airspeed lift nose wheel off runway
6) At 70 knots ease back on the yoke to establish a 10 degree pitch up attitude
7) Maintain a climb AIRSPEED of 80 knots
8) Raise Gear when there is no more runway to land on
9) At "500" feet above the ground raise the FLAPS to "0"
10) At "700" feet above the ground (which equates to the required 300 feet below traffic pattern altitude) turn RIGHT 90 degrees to the CROSSWIND leg
11) When wings are level, begin your RIGHT 90 degree turn to the DOWNWIND leg
"Now just keep tracking with that runway off your right side. It's just like a normal traffic pattern, but you're simply not leveling off at traffic pattern altitude. Feels funny to keep climbing, doesn't it?"
Figure 3.2. Right Downwind departure.
12) Reduce power to about "2300" RPM at "1000" feet above the ground (AGL)
13) When you reach the midpoint of the runway, make a LEFT 45 degree turn and depart the pattern
14) When wings are level, press "P" to pause the simulation
** 15) Record your:
16) Press "P" to continue the simulation
"We're not in any rush to blast our way to altitude, so let's lower the nose some, and increase our speed to 100 knots for the remainder of the climb. By the way, that departure you did was the best one I've ever seen you execute! Good job!"
1) Increase your AIRSPEED to "100" knots
2) Continue your climb to "3500" feet and turn RIGHT to a heading of "030" (standard rate)
"Now, we're simply going to navigate on this 030 heading until intercepting the Van Nuys 140 radial. So keep your eye on that number one VOR!"
1) Begin to level off when the altimeter reads "3400" feet
2) Maintain "3500" feet
3) Reduce power to about "2200"  RPM
4) When the NAV 1 CDI is two dots LEFT of center, start your RIGHT turn to a heading of "140"
5) Start to roll out when you see "130" in the DG window
6) Track outbound on the VAN NUYS VOR 140 radial
"You are now set up to enter the LA TCA corridor. This corridor enables you to fly from the north side of Los Angeles, to the south side, without climbing to 12,500 feet. Good thing, huh?!! You must contact Los Angeles Approach Control on 134.9, as it says on your Hollywood Park Route, to obtain permission to enter the corridor. And we'll go no farther than the Los Angeles 010 radial without a clearance. That is, if your NAY 2 CDI needle comes close to centering, make a 180 degree turn until you are cleared through the corridor. So let's do it now!"
1) Tune COM to "134.9" (LA Approach Control)
"LOS ANGELES APPROACH, THIS IS CESSNA 13MIKE, WITH YOU AT 3500 FEET."
Los Angeles Approach:
"CESSNA 13MIKE, GO AHEAD."
"13MIKE IS OVER CENTURY CITY, AND WOULD LIKE TO REQUEST A CLEARANCE FOR THE HOLLYWOOD PARK ROUTE TO TORRANCE AIRPORT."
Los Angeles Approach:
"13MIKE, SQUAWK 3732 AND IDENT."
2) Set XPDR to "3732" (assigned code) and you would push once the red IDENT button if you had one
"13MIKE IS SQUAWKING 3732 AND IDENTING."
Los Angeles Approach:
"13MIKE, RADAR CONTACT. YOU ARE CLEARED FROM PRESENT POSITION THROUGH THE LA VFR CORRIDOR TO TORRANCE AIRPORT. FLY HEADING OF 140 AND MAINTAIN 3500 FEET."
"13MIKE, CLEARED THROUGH THE CORRIDOR, 3500 FEET."
"That was marvelous! Your radio communications were clear, concise, and Approach is probably having a party right now in celebration over your smoothness! Now, stay tight in your tracking outbound on the Van Nuys 140 radial because that's the corridor route. If you stray, believe me, Approach will let you know! But let's see if we can do this without their help!
3) Press "P" to pause the simulation
** 4) Record your:
NAV 1 DME DIST__________(25 pts)
NAV 2 DME DIST__________(25 pts)
5) Press "P" to continue the simulation
6) Set NAV 2 OBS to "076" in the upper window
"Do you remember why we're doing this? We talked about it in our pre-brief in the Santa Monica lunchroom! This 076 radial from Los Angeles is a good point, while we're on the radial from Van Nuys, to break clear of the corridor route and come in on a nice 45 degree entry into Torrance for a right hand traffic pattern. It's easy to get behind with all this furry of activity, but stay with it. You're the best!"
"We need to keep our eyes open and sharply peeled. The corridor is well traveled, so we need to exercise collision avoidance procedures."
Los Angeles Approach:
"CESSNA 13MIKE, SLOWER TRAFFIC AT YOUR TWO O'CLOCK POSITION."
"Okay, Do you see it? There he is, low at your two thirty position. It looks like a tail dragger. Got it? Good!"
"LA APPROACH, 13MIKE HAS TRAFFIC."
7) Watch your NAV 2 CDI, when the needle is three dots right of center, call LA Approach
"LOS ANGELES APPROACH, CESSNA 13MIKE AT 3500 FEET."
Los Angeles Approach:
"CESSNA 13MIKE, DO YOU HAVE TORRANCE AIRPORT IN SIGHT?"
"13MIKE, THAT'S AFFIRMATIVE. REQUEST TO PROCEED DIRECT TO TORRANCE AT THIS TIME."
Los Angeles Approach:
"13MIKE, YOU'RE CLEARED DIRECT TO TORRANCE. SQUAWK 1200 AND GOOD DAY."
"13MIKE, CLEARED DIRECT TORRANCE."
"All right, I'll tell you what! There's the airfield at our 2 o'clock position or so. Let's turn right to a heading of 195 degrees, and this should set us up nicely to turn onto the right 45 degree entry we've been talking about!"
8) When your DG reads "185" start to roll out
9) Maintain a heading of "195"
10) Reset XPDR to "1200" (VFR code)
11) Select "NAV 2" DME
"We need to get a hold of Tower, but first you need to get what kind of information? That's right - ATIS! Frequency is 125.6."
1) Tune COM to "125.6" (Torrance ATIS)
"TORRANCE AIRPORT, INFORMATION LIMA, 1930 ZULU WEATHER, SKY CLEAR, VISIBILITY SIX, HAZE, TEMPERATURE 85, WIND 310 AT 7. ALTIMETER 29.94. LANDING AND DEPARTING RUNWAY 29 RIGHT. ADVISE ON INITIAL CONTACT YOU HAVE INFORMATION LIMA."
2) Tune COM to "124.0" (Torrance Tower)
"Boy, are you sharp! You didn't even give me time to tell you to switch to Tower frequency that time! See how much more improved you're getting as we've progressed through this day? Let's see, you've got 124.0-correct! While you're at it, go ahead and descend down to 1500 feet. Wait on calling Tower just yet."
3) Set ALTIMETER, set DG, and check FUEL
4) Set CARB HEAT to "ON"
5) Reduce power to about "1700"  RPM
6) Descend to "1500" feet
"We're about seven miles from the airport - go ahead and call up Tower on 124.0. Professor Miller told you this would be short, didn't he?"
"TORRANCE TOWER, THIS IS CESSNA 13MIKE, OVER THE MOBIL REFINERY, DESCENDING TO 1500 FEET FOR LANDING, WITH INFORMATION LIMA."
"CESSNA 13MIKE, YOU ARE CLEARED TO ENTER THE ATA, REPORT WHEN ON A THREE MILE RIGHT 45 FOR LANDING ON RUNWAY 29 RIGHT."
Figure 3.3. On 45 for Right Downwind runway 29R
"13MIKE, WILL REPORT THREE MILE 45."
7) Press "P" to pause the simulation
** 8) Record your:
NAV 1 DME DIST_________(25 pts)
NAV 2 DME DIST_________(25 pts)
9) Press "P" to continue the simulation
1) Approach the runway at a 45 degree angle (aim at the middle of the runway)
** 2) What would be the 45 degree heading to the midfield?____________(20 pts)
"Now it just so happens that three miles from the field is approximately 6.0 DME on your NAY 2, that is set for LAX VOR.. When you see 6.0, tell Tower your position."
"TORRANCE TOWER, 13MIKE IS AT A THREE MILE RIGHT 45 FOR LANDING."
"13MIKE, VISUAL CONTACT. PATTERN IS EMPTY. YOU ARE CLEARED FOR LANDING ON RUNWAY 29 RIGHT."
3) When your NAV 2 DME DIST reads "7.0" descend to "1200" feet
4) When your NAV 2 DME DIST reads "7.3" make a left turn to enter the DOWNWIND leg of the approach
"Ah! What a pretty sight to behold! Another airport - another landing - another beautiful view from the right side! This is the life, ain't it?!!!"
5) Reduce power to about "1400"  RPM (this is the beginning of your approach descent)
6) Select GEAR "DOWN"
7) When you have slowed to 90 knots, set FLAPS to first notch (10 degrees)
8) Try and maintain a 400 ft per minute descent on your Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
"I'm going to be quiet throughout most of this landing, just to see how you are in judging things for yourself. Just remember the basics of correcting while landing. Adjust height with power, and airspeed with pitch."
Figure 3.4. Right Downwind turning Right Base runway 29R
9) When the end of the runway is at your 5 o'clock position, turn RIGHT "90" degrees to establish your BASE leg of the approach
10) Set FLAPS to second notch (20 degrees)
11) Press "P" to pause the simulation
** 12) Record your:
CARB HEAT________________________(15 pts)
13) Press "P" to continue the simulation
14) When runway 29R is at your 2 o'clock position, start a "90" degree RIGHT turn to establish your FINAL leg of the approach
"Sorry! But I've got to say it! You're doing good, but make sure that you make slight heading adjustments to compensate for winds, overshoots, or undershoots. You're still a teeny-weeny bit heavy handed on the yoke!"
15) When established on the FINAL leg, set FLAPS to third notch (30 degrees)
16) Airspeed should be 70 knots
17) When the ALTIMETER displays "400" feet, press "P" to pause the simulation
** 18) Record your:
19) Press "P" to continue simulation
20) When you are 10 to 20 feet off the runway, reduce power to about "1000" RPM and start to slowly pitch the nose of the aircraft up to slow your descent and establish a touchdown attitude
"It's a good thing you love me despite my idiosyncrasies! But WATCH YOUR AIRSPEED! Be careful not to stall the aircraft. Make 60 knots the airspeed of doom - no lower than that or else your sky hook snaps!"
21) When you are five feet off the runway, hold the nose of the aircraft up and allow the airspeed to SLOWLY bleed off. Your aircraft will settle onto the runway while you follow the centerline
"Think of the Nutcracker Suite - it's a ballet move. Power - nose - let the airplane settle onto the runway slowly. Keep your eyes looking down the runway slightly ahead."
22) After touchdown reduce power to 600 RPM
23) Apply the brakes
24) Taxi the aircraft off the active runway to the left
25) When the aircraft has stopped, set CARB HEAT to "OFF"
26) Set FLAPS to "0"
"How do you feel? Isn't it exhilarating to know that you've done a fantastic job and put your whole mind and flying skills to the test? Take a break - I'll talk to Ground and taxi us in. You deserve the rest.
27) Tune COM to "125.0" (Torrance Ground)
"TORRANCE GROUND, CESSNA 13MIKE IS DOWN AND CLEAR OF RUNWAY 29 RIGHT FOR TAXI TO THE TERMINAL. I'D LIKE TO CLOSE MY VFR FLIGHT PLAN AT THIS TIME."
"13MIKE, FLIGHT PLAN IS CLOSED, TAXI TO THE TERMINAL."
** 28) Record the TIME______________________(5 pts)
TOTAL POINTS POSSIBLE FOR THIS SCENARIO 665